Direct instruction is an approach to teaching that presents content with explicit, guided instruction for optimal learning. The method is skills-oriented and uses small group, face-to-face instruction by teachers and paraprofessionals using carefully articulated (at times scripted) lessons in which skills are broken down into small units, sequenced deliberately, and taught explicitly. Direct instruction follows the model of: I do, We do, You do. Instruction is broken down into small steps with student practice built into the programming after each step. Jasper County School District approved curriculum for direct instruction includes: Reading Mastery Signature, Corrective Reading, Connecting Math Concepts, and SPIRE (reading).
The station rotation model allows students to rotate through stations on a fixed schedule, where at least one of the stations is an online learning station. Students rotate in prearranged groups and move at a specific signal. Stations include: Online instruction to address and fill in learning gaps, teacher led instruction in a small group on a specific skill needed, and either a collaborative/independent station or another teacher led station using the paraprofessional in certain classrooms.
The computer rotation includes online instruction provided on a computer that assesses student needs and provides instruction in practice in individualized areas of need.
Incorporate cooperative learning structures into the classroom to promote positive interdependence, individual accountability, equal participation, and simultaneous interaction.
- Positive interdependence
- Does one doing well help others? Does task completion depend on everyone doing their part?
- Individual Accountability
- Must everyone perform in front of someone?
- Equal Participation
- Is participation approximately equal?
- Simultaneous Interaction
- What percent are performing at any one moment?
Sample Kagan Structures
- Timed Pair Share
- Rally Robin
- Fan and Pick